Direct and Indirect Speech

direct and indirect speech

Direct and Indirect Speech
Direct and Indirect Speech

If you have ever confused in expressing what others have said, then you must learn this lesson of direct and indirect speech which will help you in learning English, especially communicative and spoken English. When you want to  communicate properly with other person you need to know the methodology of delivery. Here I am explaining to you how to make use of direct and indirect speech rules.

Direct speech means you tell the exact words spoken by a person whom you met before. For example, Jisa Maria said, “I don’t love you.” In the given sentence we are telling the exact words I don’t love you spoken by Jisa Maria. We also use inverted commas while write to know that it is a direct speech or quoted speech.

Indirect Speech means you tell the words in your own way what Jisa Maria spoke to you. For example, Jisa Maria said that she  did not love me. In this way we use mostly in communicative English. Direct speech, on the other hand is used mainly in written English.

direct speech and indirect speech

The other names we use for direct speech and indirect speech are Quoted Speech and Reported Speech. There are many other ways we can express. Many people call with different names but basically they are known as direct and indirect. This is very important in communicative English as many get confused when reporting what has been said.

direct indirect speech rules

1.She Says, “I am happy.”
She Says that she is happy.

2.She said,” I am happy.”
She said that she was happy.

3. She said, ” I am going to market.”
She said that she was going to market

4. She said,” I have gone to market.”
She said that she had gone to market.

5. She said, ” I have been going to market.”
She said that she had been going to market.

6. She said, ” I went to market.”
She said that she had gone to market.

7. She said, ” I was going to market.”
She said that she had been going to market.

8. She said, ” I had gone to market.”
She said that she had gone to market.

9. She said, ” I had been going to market.”
She said that she had been going to market

Direct and indirect speech
Direct and indirect speech

Conclusion: This is to say that the above give are basic rules. And there are other small and minor rules about changing time and vice versa. I will be updating this article again when time arises.

 

 

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