APJ Abdul Kalam
Affectionate – Kind compassionate
Epithet = appellation
Tenacity = perseverance
Monetary = financial
Dwindle = decay
Kindred = related by blood
Generous = charitable
Fascinate = excite
Pursue = proceed
Relentless = severe
Eventually = in due time
Pious = devout
Conceive = originate
Toil = labour
Renowned = important
Latent = potential
Harness = equip for work
Demit = resign from
Mettle = stamina
Pinnacle = nadir
Humble = Proud
Perseverence = stop, quit
Meagre = abundant
Irrelevant = relevant
Holistic = atomistic
Indigenous = expatriate
Culminate = Start, begin
Crucial = unimportant
Objective = Subjective
Persuade = Dissuade
Nascent = Dying
Herculean = Puny
Credible = Unbelievable
Devoid = existent
Converge = leave
Rigorous = slapdash, lax
Impeccable = imperfect
Answer the below questions briefly
2a) Who had most influenced the value system of Kalam when he was young?
Kalam attributes much of his value systems to his parents. His father was a religious and wise person. He was also generous and found a kindred spirit in his wife Ashiamma whose thoughts were similar to his , Kalam started his schooling at Rameshwaram.
2b) How did Kalam’s college days at St.Joseph’s help him inculcate religious harmony?
Kalam shared the room of his dormitory with two other students of different faiths. All three got along very well underlining to kalam the importance of religious freedom and harmony
2c) Note initial employments of Kalam and what he was supposed to do?
He joined Hindustan Aeronautics Limited(HAL), Bangalore as aeronautical engineer for shop-floor training. He was associated with the engine division of the organization and was engaged into overhauling activities of both piston and turbine engines of the aircrafts.
2d) What is a Hovercraft
It was a prototype of hovercraft which was built indigenously. However once the prototype was ready, the project was shelved for inexplicable reasons. The project had the backing of the then defense minister of India.
2e) Why was Thumba chosen to be the centre for TERLS?
Thumba was chosen owing to the fact that the village near Trivandrum in Kerala is on the magnetic equator.
2f) What are sounding rockets? Why are they Important?
Sounding rockets probe the atmosphere by placing the probing equipment at the site where it can best do its task. They are important to harness the latent people resource that was available but was strewn in various institutions and organizations.
2g) What was the objective of SLV Rocket?
The objective was to develop a reliable launch vehicle for a 40 kilogram satellite in a 400 km circular orbit around earth.
2h) When an institution abroad declined a crucial high speed test of equipment, what did kalam do to get it done?
2I) What did Kalam invent with Dr. Somaraju and what was the purpose?
Kalam invented “Kalam Raju Stent” along with Dr.Somaraju. The purpose was to improve medical facilities and lessen health costs ofr the poor.
2j) When did kalam shift to Bangalore and what did he want to do there at IISc?
Kalam shifted to Bangalore when SLV project was completed. He wanted to do ph.D by writing a complete account of the SLV 3 project and he thought such proximity to IISc would help him.
2k) Who helped Kalam design the guidance systems for Agni Missiles?
Tessy Thomas helped kalam.to design the guidance systems for Agni Missiles.
2i) What wee the two controversies that Kalam faced during his presidency?
Doing nothing on the twenty odd clemency petitions and signing of “Office of Profit Bill”
2m) Name a few awars that Kalam won?
2n) After his tenure as President, what were the assignments that Kalam took up?
Visiting Professor at the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad
Chancellor of Indian Institute of Space and technology
2o) What were the career options available to Abdul Kalam after his degree? Why could he choose on over the other?
Physics and Aeronautics were available. He chose to pursue aeronautics when he read an article on British Fighter planes and fascinated
3 Match the Following
Kalams’ Birth Place – G
Kalam’s first school – J
Kalam’s ancestor’s traditional business – M
Kalam’s higher schooling at – L
Kalam’s college was – B
The English teacher who influenced Kalam towards literature – N
Subject in which Kalam did his graduation – K
The teacher who explained flight of birds to Kalam as child- O
The subject which most fascinated Kalam – F
Kalam did his engineering from – C
The highest civilian award that Kalam received in 1997 – A
Kalam became President in the year – E
Indian national committee for space research – I
Kalam did a 6 month training on rocket technology from here – D
ISRO was established under this umbrella organization – H
4 FILL IN THE BLANKS
- Maths and Science
- Rameshwaram Elementary School
- Mr.Solomon, S.S.Iyer
- St.Joseph’s College, Tiruchurapally
- Sequeria of St.Joseph’s College
- August 3rd 1954
- St.Mary’s Magdalene ChurchThumba, Trivendrum, Kerala.
- Russia and French, M-100 and Centaure
- Fluid, Substantially
- Rohini, 19 July 1980
- Five, Prithvi, Trishul, Aakash, Nag, Agni
- Chief Scientific advisor,Secretary
5. Choose one or more options
6. Answer the below questions in detail
- Why is Abdul Kalam called the “Missile Man” of India?
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is popularly and affectionately known as the missile man of India. This epithet pretty well sums up his immense contribution to the development of missile technology in India. He led several successful testing of missiles and their subsequent inclusion in the Indian military aresenal. At his pinnacle, Kalam became the 11th President of the Indian republic. He served the nation in that constitutionally supreme capacity for 25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007. His is an exemplary story of rising to the top in spite of a very humble background and several setbacks early in his career. His life has been a lesson in perseverance and tenacity.
2. What difficulties did Kalam have to face as a kid?
Kalam was the youngest of four brothers and one sister in his family. The family lived through modest means and kalam began the journey of his life under tough circumstances. Indeed as a young boy kalam faced a lot of hardship as he had to support his family who earned meager in come to augment their living. When he was 10 year old kid, his daily routine followed a strict regime. He used to wake up at an early hour of 4 a.m. When it was still dark. After taking bath, he would go to study mathematics from a very competent teacher.
3.What particular event at his school had a lasting impression on kalam and guided him towards his career path?
At the age of 15, he joined the Schwartz High School in Rmanathapuram. This was a turning point in his student life. The teachers at this school were always willing to motivate and help their students. Mr.Solomon was a teacher who was particularly helpful and would often motivate his students to never get disappointed t failures. Kalam was one of is most favorite students and had a lasting impression of the teacher.
4. What lesson did Kalam learn while working on a project for a small aircraft at the MIT?
During his course at MIT, in the third year, Kalam was assigned a project to design a small aircraft along with six other batch mates. System design and system integration parts were assigned to Kalam. The project involved from Kalam;s side to integrate the individual work towards a holistic project objective which involved team work. Kalam that if he was unable to do the project within a specific time frame, he would stand to lose his scholarship. Kalam only later understood that this was the teacher’s way to motivate him towards achieving his goals; the very possibility of losing the scholarship was dreaful to Kalam for whom scholarship was the only means to complete his studies. The whole experience embedded in Kalam the importance of tie and time management.
5. Take us through the development of rocket technology in India and how later indigenously made rockets were built? How did the training that Kalam received at NASA help him?
Kalam was Chief Designer from for aircraft. At that time the rocket programed conceived by a Rocket Assisted Take Off System for aircraft. At that time, the rocket programme conceived by Sarabhai was still in its initial stages. Even the infrastructures had not yet developed for the institution. The initial workplace was St.Mary’s Magdalene Church. tIn 1963, TERLS nominated kalam to go to the USA for a six month training programme on sounding rocket and launching techniques at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA); On 21 November 1963, after he had returned to TERLS, Kalam played a crucial role in lauchng the first sounding rocket in India. It was a two stage rocket, one was Russian (M-100) and the other French (Centaure)
6. How did Kalam’s team building and collaboration abilities help him in executing projects he took up?
Kalam aws the apt person to bring together the resources for a common objective owing to his demonstrated ability to stitch together diverse teams. Kalam played a crucial role. It was a culmination of unstinting efforts put in by Kalam and his team and the outcome of his managerial and leadership abilities. Kalam turned a new leaf in his long service to the nation, when after almost 20 years of dedicated services for the space mission. Kalam delivered constrained projects on time. He was very enthused in talking about the projects to anyone who could help. He would freely talk to anyone on constructive new ideas.
7. Explain the work Kalam did at DRDO.
He joined DRDO of the defines research and development laboratory at hyderabad on 1 Jan 1982. DRDO was then working on development in indigenious missile system. but the whole programme was at a very nascent stage. Under the programme he along with MR VS Arunachalam. the then scientific advisors to the government of India. Envisaged to build a quiver of five guided missiles for India. The surface to surface missile, Pridvi the tactical core missile, Trishul, the surface to air mid range missile, Akash the anti tank missile, Nag and the intermediate range ballistic missile, Agni.
8. Explain the developments that led to Kalam being nominated for the post of President of India
A. Kalam was instrumental in developing several missiles under the mission including Agni, an intermediate range ballistic missile and then Prithvi, a tactical surface to surface missile. In July 1992, Kalam was appointed the Chief Scientific Adviser to the prime Minster and the secretary of the Defence Research and Development Organization, a post held till December 1999.The Pokhran 11 nuclear tests were conducted during this period i which kalam played strategic Political and technological role. He served as the Chief Project Co-ordinatior along with Rajagopala Chidambaram during the testing phase. Media did a lot of coverage of the work put in by Kalam and h became arguably the most well known for of nuclear science in the country after he had shown his mettle in rockets and space launchers. These led him for the presidency role.
9. What was the importance of the success of the SLV 3 project?
A. SLV-3 proved to be turning point in the history of the Indian space programme. That single success changed perceptions, both within and outside ISRO, about what Indian Space and Technology could do. It was a big boost and validated the elaborate technology management stem that had ben set up for the project. It was a confirmation of the whole set up that the engineers of the project and satish dhawan Brahma Prakash and Kalam had created towards the success of the project.
10. Write a note on Pokhran 11 and kalam’s involvement in it
The Pokhran 11 nuclear tests were conducted during a period in which kalam played strategic Political and technological role. He served as the Chief Project Co-ordinatior along with Rajagopala Chidambaram during the testing phase. Media did a lot of coverage of the work put in by Kalam and he became arguably the most well known for of nuclear science in the country after he had shown his mettle in rockets and space launchers.