Simple Present

simple present

simple present
simple present

We use Simple Present for all long duration situations. In other words, we use simple present for those things which we feel to be permanant or To say in an easy way, we use for everyday activities or weekly activities or monthly activities or regular period of activities. We use Simple Present in different ways. Here I am trying to explain the variations of simple present. So simple present is  very useful

Facts, generalizations and universal truths
Habits and routines
Permanent situations
Events that are certain to happen
Arrangements that we can’t change (e.g. timetables, official meetings)
State verbs (e.g. be, have, suppose, know)
Narrations, instructions or commentaries

present simple tense

Use 1: Facts, Generalizations and Universal Truths

We use the Present Simple to talk about universal truths (for example, laws of nature) or things we believe are, or are not, true. It’s also used to generalize about something or somebody.

Water boils at 200 degrees Celsius. (Universal Truth)
It is a beautiful house. (Fact)
The Earth goes around the Sun. (Universal Truth, Fact)
Lions are better than cats. (Generalization)
Berlin is the capital city of Germany. (Fact)
The Elephant doesn’t fly. (Fact)
Paris is the capital city of France. (Fact) (Remember: the sentence does not have to be true)

Use 2: Habits and Routines

We also use this tense to describe actions that happen frequently. For example: habits, routines, tendencies.

We leave for work at 7:30 AM every morning. Routine
My husband watches the TV in the evening. Habit, Routine
Susan often meets with her friends after school. Habit, Routine
They usually play football on Sunday. Habit, Routine
Mark rarely visits his sick grandmother. Tendency
Pinocchio usually tells lies. Tendency

Adverbs of Frequency

The Present Simple is often used with the frequency adverbs:

every week/year
from time to time
every now and then

Examples how to use them in sentences:

I always go to church on Sundays.
I never eat food after 10 PM.

Use 3: Permamant Situations

Use the Present Simple to talk about situations in life that last a relatively long time.

I live in India
He works as a Police.
Margaret drives a Mustang Ford.
Jerry doesn’t teach English at high school.

Use 4: Events Certain to Happen

Use the Present Simple when an event is certain to happen in the future.

My grandfather turns 100 this July.
Winter starts on December 21.

Use 5: State Verbs

You should use the Present Simple with state verbs.

I like swimming.
We know this man.

Use 6: Future Arrangements

Use the Present Simple to talk about events that we can’t change (for example, an official meeting or a train departure).

The meeting starts at 4 PM.
The train leaves at the noon.
When does the plane take off?
Jerry doesn’t teach maths at high school.

Use 7: Narrations, Instructions or commentaries

The Present Simple is also used in narrations (e.g. to tell a story or a joke), instructions (e.g. cooking) or commentaries (especially sport commentaries).

“A man goes to visit a friend and is amazed to find him playing chess with his dog. He watches the game in astonishment for a while

simple present tense examples

Declarative Sentences ( simple present)

A dog is an animal
I learn English twice a week.
I have two eggs.
The course starts in April.
The man enters the room and looks at the clock

Questions require the auxiliary verb “to do” or, in the third person singular, “does”.

Compare these examples:

Person A: Does she like going to the mountains?
Person B: Yes, she does.

Person A: Does John have a dog?
Person B: No, he doesn’t.

When asking a question, the verb does not conjugate:

Does she have a dog?
Does she has a dog? ( wrong)

For the verb “to be”, we do not use an auxiliary:

Is he tall?
Does he be tall? ( wrong)

Contracted forms of Simple Present

They don’t live in New York anymore.
I don’t like winter.
He doesn’t go to the cinema at all.
Spring doesn’t start in December.

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