Unit-3 Mindscapes-Travel and Tourism

Verbal Ability

Modern equivalents

  • Foreign Office/ Parliament/Legistalive house
  • Jurisdiction
  • Relics
  • A musuem
  • Conference
  • Military
  • Architecture
  • Armory
  • Allowance or concession
  • Bootcamp
  • Vintage
  • Ceremony


  1. Does the trick
  2. Played devil’s trick
  3. Drained the finances; Time and money
  4. Lack of Commitment

(Extra Help)Types of collocation

There are several different types of collocation made from combinations of verb, noun, adjective etc. Some of the most common types are:

  • adverb + adjective: completely satisfied (NOT downright satisfied)
  • adjective + noun: excruciating pain (NOT excruciating joy)
  • noun + noun: a surge of anger (NOT a rush of anger)
  • noun + verb: lions roar (NOT lions shout)
  • verb + noun: commit suicide (NOT undertake suicide)
  • verb + expression with preposition: burst into tears (NOT blow up in tears)
  • verb + adverb: wave frantically (NOT wave feverishly)

Sample Collocations

There are several different types of collocation. Collocations can be adjective + adverb, noun + noun, verb + noun and so on. Below you can see seven main types of collocation in sample sentences.

1. adverb + adjective

  • Invading that country was an utterly stupid thing to do.
  • We entered a richly decorated room.
  • Are you fully aware of the implications of your action?

2. adjective + noun

  • The doctor ordered him to take regular exercise.
  • The Titanic sank on its maiden voyage.
  • He was writhing on the ground in excruciating pain.

3. noun + noun

  • Let’s give Mr Jones a round of applause.
  • The ceasefire agreement came into effect at 11am.
  • I’d like to buy two bars of soap please.

4. noun + verb

  • The lion started to roar when it heard the dog barking.
  • Snow was falling as our plane took off.
  • The bomb went off when he started the car engine.

5. verb + noun

  • The prisoner was hanged for committing murder.
  • I always try to do my homework in the morning, after making my bed.
  • He has been asked to give a presentation about his work.

6. verb + expression with preposition

  • We had to return home because we had run out of money.
  • At first her eyes filled with horror, and then she burst into tears.
  • Their behaviour was enough to drive anybody to crime.

7. verb + adverb

  • She placed her keys gently on the table and sat down.
  • Mary whispered softly in John’s ear.
  • vaguely remember that it was growing dark when we left.


  • Places to be visited
  • Jewish Synagogue
  • Queen of the Arabian Sea
  • Moonlight Symphony Dinner Cruise
  • Ayurvedic Spa Resort
  • Chakara Theme Dinner
  • Kerala Street Theme Dinner
  • Kettuvallom Backwaters

2. Modes of transport to be used

  • Airplace
  • Boat

3. Places of overnight stay along with duration

  1. Two nights in hotel room at Cochin
  2. Night at Kumarakom
  3. Night at Kettuvallom
Positive images of IndiaNegative images of India


(Pronunciation of Clause and Close with u ending explanation. Give example of saw)


Before knowing what is a clause. First know what is a predicate?

Predicate: the part of a sentence or clause containing a verb and stating something about the subject

(e.g. went home in John went home ).

Now what is a clause?

A clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a predicate. Every complete sentence is made up of at least one clause.

Michael bought a new laptop. (One sentence, one clause)
Michael bought a new laptop, but he still has the old one. (One sentence, two clauses)
Although he still has his old one, Michael now has a new laptop. (One sentence, two clauses)

Definition: An independent clause (or main clause) makes sense by itself. It expresses a complete thought.

Michael bought a new computer. (One independent clause)
Michael bought a new computer, but he still has the old one. [Two independent clauses (Coordinating conjunctions don’t count as part of the clause.)]
Although he still has his old one, Michael now has a new computer. (Only the second clause is independent.)

Definition: A dependent clause (or subordinate clause) does not make sense by itself. It does not express a complete thought.

Although he still has his old one. (Without the independent clause, a dependent clause is a sentence fragment.

A dependent clause usually begins with a subordinating conjunction, a relative pronoun, or some other word that causes it to become dependent. A dependent clause will make sense only when attached to an independent clause.

Although he still has his old one. (Although is a subordinating conjunction.)
He still has his old one. (Without the conjunction, the clause becomes independent.)

Michael now has a new computer although he still has his old one. (Combined with an independent clause, the dependent clause makes sense.)

Dependent clauses can come after, before, or in the middle of the independent clause.

Michael now has a new computer although he still has his old one. (Dependent clause after an independent clause)
Although he still has his old one, Michael now has a new computer. (Dependent clause before the independent clause)
Michael, although he still has his old one, now has a new computer. (Dependent clause inside the independent clause)

a. I cant travel abroad because I dont have enough money

b. Let us do some shopping as the technical snag in the airplane is being fixed.

c. After taking some rest, you can think of taking next trip.

d. Whenever you plan to go out, it rains everytime.

e. After consuming food at local restaurant, I have contracted a stomach infection.

Part 11 Tourism

Atithi Devo Bhava Programme

  1. Objectives:
  • To sensitise people towards tourists and tourism
  • To Preserve rich heritage and Culture
  • To Provied warm hospitality
  • To reinstill responsibility
  • To reinforce confidence
  • To complement “Incredible India” campaign

2. Fill in the blanks using information from the passage

The campaign hopes to achieve its aims through sensitising and training

Tourism acts as a catalyst (A catalyst is an event or person causing a change)

The campaign hopes to preserve rich heritage and culture reinforce the confidence in the foreign tourists.

This campaign is meant to act as a complement to the Incredible India Campaign.

Verbal Ability








(Rest give homework.)

Travel Alert: India

  1. Terrorist attacks
  2. disproportionate = having or showing a difference that is not fair, reasonable, or expected

Follow-up Activity

  1. Who has compiled these data?

Market Research Division of Ministry of Tourism

2. When has this report been prepared?


3. Which of the following statements is true?

  1. True
  2. False
  3. True
  4. True
  5. True
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